Gum Therapy

Toronto Sleep Dentistry

Gum disease is the inflammation and infection of the gums and the surrounding tissue. Generally caused by bacterial plaque, it is the biggest cause of adult tooth loss. Our Toronto dentists can help you prevent and manage gum disease.


What causes Gum Disease?

Dental plaque is caused by bacteria in your mouth, and it develops on your teeth. If not removed regularly, bacterial plaque will harden to tartar. A rough, porous mineral buildup, tartar forms at and underneath the gum line, and excretes the toxins that cause gum disease.

Gum disease can lead to periodontal pockets in which more bacteria and plaque become trapped. It can also lead to the loosening of the teeth, and eventually, even tooth loss. As the condition worsens, the accumulated toxins and bacteria move deeper into the jaw, destroying the bone that holds the teeth in place.

Gum Disease Symptoms

Stopping the progression of gum disease before it escalates can save patients a lot of time, discomfort, and expense. Signs of gum disease can include:

  • Red, inflamed gums
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing
  • Receding gums
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Presence of pus between the gum and tooth
  • Chronic halitosis

A Bigger Problem

Gum disease can wreak havoc on your mouth, but it has also been linked to other health problems, such as heart disease, osteoporosis, stroke, and complications with diabetes.

Because the symptoms are initially mild, many people don't realize they have gum disease, which can allow the condition to worsen. You may have an increased risk for gum disease if you smoke, have diabetes, take certain medications, endure excessive stress, or don't eat properly.

Treating Gum Disease

If caught in the early stages, your gum disease can be reversed. To begin, the dentist will scale the teeth to remove plaque and calculus, and plane the roots to smooth them. He may prescribe antibiotics  to help clear up any infection or inflammation.

Advanced cases of gum disease may require your dentist to surgically trim the gums, disinfect the tissue, remove the hardened plaque build-up, and re-contour the damaged bone.

A Message from Your Dental Hygienist

The impact that your oral hygiene routine has on the health of your teeth an gums cannot be understated. Maintaining a regular and thorough brushing and flossing routine at home and paying regular visits to our office for cleanings and checkups are your first line of defence against gum disease. To learn more...

Download Our Gum Disease Information Sheet »

Gum Disease FAQs

My gums bleed when I brush. Should I be worried?

If you had bleeding on your arm or leg, you would get it checked out! Because bleeding gums can indicate a more serious problem like gum disease, you should make an appointment with your dentist straight away.

Is gum disease hereditary?

Although there is a genetic component to gum disease, other factors like lifestyle choices, age, and oral health habits can also influence whether you develop this condition. Talk with your dentist to find out if you have other risk factors for gum disease.

What can I do to prevent gum disease?

The best method of prevention is taking proper care of your teeth and gums. Good brushing habits, regular flossing, and routine dental visits will go a long way in avoiding periodontal disease.

Learn More About Dental Hygiene »

What is the cure for gum disease?

Unfortunately, there is no cure for gum disease. However, proper treatment and good home care can stop the progression of the disease and restore your oral health.

Gum Disease Treatment & Prevention, Toronto Dentist

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